Top 10 LWC JavaScript Best Practices with Code Samples


Lightning Web Components (LWC) is a modern, open-source JavaScript framework developed by Salesforce. It empowers developers to build lightning-fast and efficient web components on the Salesforce platform. Whether you are a seasoned developer or new to the LWC framework, adhering to best practices will enhance your code quality, maintainability, and performance.

In this blog post, we’ll explore essential LWC JavaScript code best practices, supported by practical examples. By the end of this article, you’ll have a comprehensive understanding of how to write efficient, reusable, and maintainable LWC components.

Modular Code Organization

To ensure code maintainability and reusability, it’s essential to organize your LWC components into small, reusable modules. This practice allows for easier collaboration among developers and facilitates code sharing.


Suppose we have a simple LWC component called “ContactList” that displays a list of contacts. We’ll divide this component into smaller, reusable modules to improve code organization and maintainability.

First, we’ll start by creating a separate JavaScript file for the “ContactList” component and another file for its template.



Using the Modular Component:

Now, in another component or app, you can use the “ContactList” component as follows:



By adopting this modular code organization approach, your LWC codebase becomes more organized, maintainable, and easier to collaborate on among developers. Each component’s logic and template are separated, making it simpler to manage and extend as your project grows.

Descriptive Naming Conventions

Choose descriptive and meaningful names for your LWC components, methods, variables, and CSS classes. This practice enhances code readability and makes maintenance easier.


Use @api and @track Decorators Wisely

The @api decorator exposes properties of an LWC component, making them accessible to parent components. The @track decorator marks properties for change tracking. Use them judiciously to avoid unnecessary re-renders and maintain a clear distinction between properties that need to be exposed externally and those that require tracking.


Conditional Rendering vs. Conditional Logic

Instead of writing complex conditional logic in your template, consider using conditional rendering with {if} directives. This approach promotes cleaner and more readable code.


In this example, we’ll create a simple LWC component that displays a greeting based on a user’s login status. We’ll compare using conditional rendering versus conditional logic to achieve the same outcome.

Conditional Rendering:



In this example, the greeting component will conditionally render different greetings based on whether the user is logged in or not.

Conditional Logic:



In this example, you can see that conditional rendering allows us to directly control the visibility of elements in the template, resulting in cleaner and more readable code. On the other hand, conditional logic in the JavaScript file allows us to determine the content of HTML elements based on conditions, which may be more suitable for complex scenarios. Choosing between conditional rendering and conditional logic depends on the complexity and readability of your specific use case.

Avoid Excessive DOM Manipulation

Excessive manipulation of the DOM can lead to reduced performance and responsiveness of your LWC components. Whenever possible, use conditional rendering to minimize unnecessary DOM updates.


Utilize LWC’s Event System

LWC provides a robust event system that enables communication between components. Instead of directly manipulating the properties of a child component from its parent, emit events and handle them in the parent component.


Avoid Unnecessary Global Variables

Minimize the use of global variables to prevent potential naming conflicts and improve code readability. Instead, use const and let declarations for variables within their respective scopes.


Throttle or Debounce Expensive Operations

When dealing with expensive operations like API calls or event listeners, consider using throttle or debounce functions to limit their execution frequency and improve performance.


Use Lightning Data Service for CRUD Operations

Whenever possible, use Lightning Data Service (LDS) to handle CRUD operations for your LWC components. LDS provides built-in caching and automatically handles data synchronization, reducing the boilerplate code and enhancing performance.

Proper Error Handling

Always implement proper error handling to provide a better user experience and facilitate debugging. Utilize try-catch blocks or use the error property to handle errors gracefully.



Lightning Web Components (LWC) provides developers with a powerful and efficient framework to build modern web components on the Salesforce platform. By following the best practices outlined in this blog post, you can significantly improve the quality, performance, and maintainability of your LWC JavaScript code.

  1. Modular Code Organization:
    Dividing your LWC components into smaller, reusable modules enhances collaboration among developers and promotes code sharing. Embrace a modular approach to ensure maintainable and scalable codebases.
  2. Descriptive Naming Conventions:
    Using descriptive names for components, methods, variables, and CSS classes greatly improves code readability. It enables you and other developers to understand the purpose of each element effortlessly.
  3. Use @api and @track Decorators Wisely:
    Carefully choose when to expose properties using the @api decorator and when to use @track to track property changes. This distinction ensures better performance and reduces unnecessary reactivity.
  4. Conditional Rendering vs. Conditional Logic:
    Leverage conditional rendering for straightforward visibility control of HTML elements. In cases where more complex logic is required, use conditional logic in JavaScript to determine the content of elements dynamically.
  5. Avoid Excessive DOM Manipulation:
    Excessive manipulation of the DOM can lead to performance issues. Opt for conditional rendering and iteration through arrays using the template directives to minimize unnecessary DOM updates.
  6. Utilize LWC’s Event System:
    Make use of LWC’s event system to foster communication between components. Emit and handle events instead of directly manipulating properties to create more maintainable and loosely coupled code.
  7. Avoid Unnecessary Global Variables:
    Limit the use of global variables to prevent naming conflicts and enhance code maintainability. Encapsulate variables within their appropriate scopes to keep the code clean and clear.
  8. Throttle or Debounce Expensive Operations:
    Use throttle or debounce functions when dealing with resource-intensive operations such as API calls or event listeners. This helps to reduce the frequency of execution, enhancing overall performance.
  9. Use Lightning Data Service for CRUD Operations:
    Leverage Lightning Data Service for CRUD operations to benefit from built-in caching and data synchronization. This reduces boilerplate code and leads to a more streamlined development process.
  10. Proper Error Handling:
    Implement proper error handling to ensure a better user experience and facilitate debugging. Use try-catch blocks or utilize the error property to gracefully handle errors and display meaningful error messages.

By incorporating these best practices into your LWC JavaScript code, you’ll not only build high-quality and performant web components. Well-organized, efficient code ensures a better user experience, and ultimately leads to a successful and sustainable application on the Salesforce platform. Happy coding!

About the blog

SFDCLessons is a blog where you can find various Salesforce tutorials and tips that we have written to help beginners and experienced developers alike. we also share my experience and knowledge on Salesforce best practices, troubleshooting, and optimization. Don’t forget to follow us on:


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Arun Kumar

Arun Kumar is a Salesforce Certified Platform Developer I with over 7+ years of experience working on the Salesforce platform. He specializes in developing custom applications, integrations, and reports to help customers streamline their business processes. Arun is passionate about helping businesses leverage the power of Salesforce to achieve their goals.

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