Q. What is material design?

Ans:- Material design is a design technique/language. It uses a grid-based layout, responsive animation, and transition, padding, depth effects show as lightning and shadow. It is designed to optimize user experience with natural motions, 3D effects, and realistic lighting.

DataTable: It is a plug-in for the jQuery Javascript library. It will add features like fast search in the table, paginations, column sorting, etc with the minimum code.

In this example code, I have used DataTable (Jquery plug-in javascript library) in the visualforce page. Find the full code below.

 <apex:page controller="DatatableCntrl" sidebar="false">  
 <head>  
   <apex:includescript value="https://code.jquery.com/jquery-3.3.1.js"/>  
   <apex:includescript value="https://cdn.datatables.net/1.10.19/js/jquery.dataTables.min.js"/>  
   <apex:includescript value="https://cdn.datatables.net/1.10.19/js/dataTables.material.min.js"/>  
   <apex:stylesheet value="https://cdnjs.cloudflare.com/ajax/libs/material-design-lite/1.1.0/material.min.css"/>  
   <apex:stylesheet value="https://cdn.datatables.net/1.10.19/css/dataTables.material.min.css"/>  
     
   j$ = jQuery.noConflict();  
   j$(document).ready( function () {  
     var accTable = j$('[id$="accTable"]').DataTable({  //datatable 
        columnDefs: [  
     {  
       targets: [ 0, 1, 2 ],  
       className: 'mdl-data-table__cell--non-numeric'  
     }  
   ]  
     });  
   });  
     
   <style>  
     div.dataTables_wrapper div.dataTables_filter {  
     text-align: right;  
     margin-right: 2%;  
     /* border-radius: 2px; */  
     /* height: 51px; */  
   }  
   </style>  
 </head>  
 <body>  
   <table id="accTable" class="mdl-data-table" style="width:100%">  
     <thead>  
       <tr>  
         <th>Name</th>  
         <th>Billing State</th>  
         <th>Website</th>  
       </tr>  
     </thead>  
     <tbody>  
       <apex:repeat value="{!accList}" var="acc">  
         <tr>  
           <td>{!acc.Name}</td>  
           <td>{!acc.BillingState}</td>  
           <td>{!acc.Website }</td>  
         </tr>  
       </apex:repeat>  
     </tbody>  
   </table>  
 </body>  
 </apex:page>  
 public class DatatableCntrl{  
   public List<Account> accList {get; set;}  
   public DatatableCntrl(){  
     accList = [SELECT Name, BillingState,Website FROM Account where BillingState!='' and Website !='' order by name ];  
   }  
 }  

References: